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How to Save a Life: What is CPR?

Construction workers help a fallen mate by starting CPR

How to Save a Life: What is CPR?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique used in emergencies when someone’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped.  It is crucial during situations like heart attacks or near-drowning incidents.  The American Heart Association™ recommends starting CPR with hard and fast chest compressions.   Immediate CPR can double or triple the chances of survival after cardiac arrest

Being CPR certified is essential because emergencies can happen unexpectedly, anywhere – at home, school, work, the gym, or even on an airplane.  Remember, knowing CPR can make a significant difference in saving lives! 

  1. Check for Safety: Ensure the environment is safe for both you and the victim. vIf there are any hazards (like electrical wires or traffic), address them first.
  2. Assess Responsiveness: Tap the victim and shout, “Are you okay?”  If there’s no response, proceed to the next steps.
  3. Call for Help: Dial emergency services (911 or local emergency number) immediately.  If someone else is present, ask them to call while you start CPR.
  4. Begin Chest Compressions:
    • Place the heel of one hand on the center of the victim’s chest (between the nipples).
    • Interlock your other hand on top.
    • Push hard and fast—aim for at least 2 inches deep at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.
    • Allow the chest to fully recoil between compressions.
  5. Give Rescue Breaths (if trained):
    • After 30 compressions, tilt the victim’s head back slightly.
    • Pinch their nose shut and give two breaths (each lasting about 1 second).
    • Watch for chest rise during each breath.
  6. Continue Cycles: Alternate between 30 compressions and 2 breaths until help arrives or the victim shows signs of life.

Remember, even if you’re unsure, starting CPR is better than doing nothing.  You can make a life-saving difference! 🌟

For more information on becoming CPR certified, check out our CPR certification courses.


  1. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): First Aid
  2. American Red Cross: What is CPR?